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Heath, Jeffrey
Hassaniya Arabic (Mali) - English - French Dictionary
series:
volume: 33
pages/dimensions: XVIII, 338 pages - 24 × 17 cm
language: english
binding: Paperback
publishing date: 2004
prices: 68,00 Eur[D]
ISBN: 978-3-447-05012-8
68,00 Eur

Hassaniya is the Arabic spoken in Mali, Mauritania, and the Western Sahara. It reflects the speech of the Arabian beduin tribes Banu Hisan and Ma‘qil, who arrived in the Maghreb via Egypt in the 11th century. Hassaniya is completely different from mainstream Maghrebi Arabic, especially as it is spoken in Morocco and western Algeria. In Mali (unlike in Mauritania), Hassaniya is a minority vernacular with little exposure to the literary language. It is as „pure“ a beduin Arabic as one can find in the Arab world today.

This dictionary, and the volume Hassaniya Arabic (Mali): Poetic and Ethnographic Texts in the same series, document Hassaniya as spoken in Sahelian and desert areas near Timbuktu and the medieval imperial city Gao on the Niger River. They are based primarily on recordings and lexicographic studies made in the late 1980s. The dictionary functions in part as a glossary for the texts; lexical entries include many page-line references to textual occurrences. Glosses are given in French as well as in English in order to maximize the usefulness of the dictionary to a wide audience.

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