Irregularities in Turkic languages
|Umfang/Format: ||338 pages, 87 tables|
|Sprache: ||English, Turkish|
|Ausstattung: ||Book (Paperback)|
|Abmessungen: ||17.00 × 24.00 cm|
|Preise: ||69,00 Eur[D] / 71,00 Eur[A]|
The volume by Eyüp Bacanlı addresses morphophonological (formal) irregularities and asymmetries found in Turkic languages. The lexically determined irregularities such as suppletion (e.g. Chuvash atte ~ aś-u ‘father ~ your father’), augments to stems (Turkish ne ~ ney-im ‘what ~ my what’), sound drops from stems (Kazakh al- ~ a-p ‘take ~ by taking’), restricted suffixes (e.g. Old Turkic oγul ~ oγl-a ‘child ~ children’), non-phonological uses of phonological allomorphs (Turkmen adam-sy ‘her husband’), as well as the morphologically-determined asymmetry cases (e.g. Sakha at-ïm ~ aq-qa ~ ap-p-ar ‘my horse ~ to (the) horse ~ to my horse’) are examined in the light of a canonical approach and allomorphy conditioning. Phonologically determined radical and affixal allomorphs are regarded as regular; e.g. Chuvash pü-ĕ > pĕvv-ĕ ‘her/his/its tall’. The discussion section presents a typology of irregularities on cross-linguistic and cross-Turkic levels and suggests an agglutinating hierarchy for individual Turkic languages.
Numerous examples hail from turcological literature and language-targeted questionnaires. Thus, this book supplements linguists’ and turcologists’ understanding of the grammatical and lexical limits of Turkic languages.